Pristina (30/08 – 50.00) EU and US envoys Miroslav Lajcak and Gabriel Escobar landed in Pristina on Wednesday in an attempt to bridge differences between Kosovo and Serbia ahead of September 1, when the Kosovo authorities intend to bring in regulations on vehicle licence plates and ID documents for border crossing which Serbs strongly oppose.

Kosovo Prime Minister Albin Kurti said on Wednesday that he is ready to find a solution with Serbia but there must be equal treatment for Serbs and Kosovo Albanians.

“We will either have entry-exit papers for both sides or for none. Any option is acceptable for us. We want reciprocity,” Kurti told journalists in Pristina.

The Kosovo government wants Serbs entering the country to be issued an entry-exit document as Kosovo Albanians have to do when entering Serbia and cease the use of Serbia-issued licence plates.

Kurti said that when he met Serbia’s President Aleksander Vucic last week in Brussels, he declined a Serbian suggestion of returning to the use of ‘status-neutral’ licence plates which were issued by the UN’s UNMIK mission until 2008 when Kosovo declared its independence from Serbia, and which were used by Kosovo Serbs until 2020.

“The asymmetry where Kosovo is more an issue than a side will not happen anymore… the Republic of Kosovo does not produce UNMIK plates,” he added.

Meanwhile representatives from four Serb-majority municipalities in north Kosovo assembled in the town of Zvecan on Wednesday to approve a statement in which they threatened to leave Kosovo’s institutions if the government imposes its decisions on IDs and licence plates on September 1.

“If there is no compromise decision, we Serb representatives, together with all our compatriots, will start the process of leaving all Kosovo’s institutions at all levels including police, courts and prosecution,” the statement said.

The Kosovo government decided in June that anyone seeking to cross the state border using personal IDs issued by the Serbian authorities will now be issued temporary declaration forms valid for 90 days that replace their Serbian document.

The decision reciprocates Serbian authorities’ non-recognition of Kosovo-issued IDs, introducing the same measure as Serbia implements towards Kosovo citizens.

The dispute over licence plates escalated in June when the Kosovo government announced that drivers of all vehicles with plates issued by Serbia from June 10, 1999 until April 21, 2022 would have until September 30, 2022, to get RKS plates.

RKS stands for the Republic of Kosovo, but Serbia does not recognise Kosovo as independent.

The changes announced by the Kosovo government triggered renewed tensions at the end of July when Kosovo Serbs set up barricades and Kosovo police closed the country’s border crossings.

Serbian President Vucic and Kosovo Prime Minister Kurti discussed the issue at their unsuccessful meeting last Thursday but found no solution.

Finding a solution to the licence plate issue has proved problematic for more than a decade.

In 2011, Kosovo and Serbia reached an agreement under which Kosovo would issue licence plates marked both ‘RKS’ for the Republic of Kosovo and, in a concession to Serbia’s refusal to recognise its former province as a state, ‘KS’, denoting simply ‘Kosovo’.

In 2016, Kosovo extended the validity of KS plates for another five years but made the Serbian-issued licence plates for Kosovo cities illegal. Due to this, it was almost impossible to register such vehicles with RKS plates.

After the agreement expired in September 2021, the Kosovo government decided not to extend it, and police started to confiscate Serbian-issued licence plates.

The change angered local Serbs who blocked border crossings, until the dispute was temporarily eased by introducing a sticker system. A more permanent solution was supposed to be found by April 21 2022, but this did not happen.

Kosovo and Serbia have been involved in EU-facilitated dialogue since 2011, but the Kosovo Democratic Institute (KDI), a Pristina-based think tank, concluded in a study published on Tuesday that the eventual outcome of the process is still unclear.

“Although many agreements have been reached, dialogue has produced ambiguity,” said Violeta Haxholli from the KDI.

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